Sleep mode and hibernation are two separate processes that are used for different purposes in Windows 10. Although the basic idea behind both is to save power and the current state of the system, the way in which they achieve this is quite different.
Sleep mode is a low-power state that allows the system to quickly resume normal operation when the user resumes activity. All open applications and documents remain open and running, and the system is still connected to the network so that it can receive updates and notifications. The main difference between sleep mode and hibernation is that sleep mode uses RAM (Random Access Memory) to store the system's state, while hibernation uses the hard drive. This means that while the system is in sleep mode it is still using some power, but the amount is much less than when the system is fully powered up.
Hibernation, on the other hand, is a much more comprehensive power-saving mode. In hibernation mode, the system is completely shut down and the contents of RAM are written to the hard drive. This means that no power is being used, and the system can be turned off without losing any open applications or documents. When the user wants to resume activity, the system will restore the RAM contents from the hard drive and resume where it left off.
The main difference between sleep mode and hibernation is that sleep mode is the preferred power-saving mode for most users, as it allows the system to quickly resume operation with all open applications and documents intact. This makes it ideal for short breaks from work or for quick awakenings from inactivity. Hibernation, on the other hand, is better suited for longer breaks or for when the system needs to be completely shut down for an extended period of time.
In Windows 10, the user can choose which power-saving mode to use. By default, the system will use sleep mode, but it can be changed to hibernation mode if desired. To change the power-saving mode, open the Control Panel and select the Power Options. From there, choose the Advanced Settings tab and select the desired power-saving mode.
In summary, sleep mode and hibernation are two different power-saving modes that are available in Windows 10. Sleep mode is the default setting, and it allows the system to quickly resume operation with all open applications and documents intact. Hibernation is better suited for longer breaks or when the system needs to be completely shut down for an extended period of time. The user can choose which power-saving mode to use by opening the Control Panel and selecting the Power Options.