When it comes to DNS (Domain Name System) not working equally on Windows and Linux, there are a few factors to consider. It is important to understand how DNS works in order to properly troubleshoot the issue.
First, DNS is a distributed database that is maintained by two different types of servers: authoritative and recursive. Authoritative nameservers are responsible for providing the actual IP address associated with a domain name. Recursive nameservers are responsible for resolving the IP address of the domain name.
When a client machine sends a DNS query, it is typically sent to a recursive nameserver. The recursive nameserver then forwards the query to the appropriate authoritative nameserver. The authoritative nameserver responds with the IP address associated with the domain name. This response is then sent back to the client machine.
The DNS query process can vary between different operating systems. On Windows, the DNS query process typically sends a single query to the recursive nameserver. However, on Linux, the query is often sent in multiple parts, which can cause delays in the query process.
Additionally, Windows and Linux use different DNS caching mechanisms. On Windows, the DNS cache is stored in the registry, while on Linux the DNS cache is stored in a file. When a DNS query is sent, the DNS cache is checked to see if the domain name has already been resolved. If the domain name has been resolved, the IP address is returned without having to query the authoritative nameserver.
Finally, Windows and Linux use different DNS security protocols. Windows uses Windows Secure DNS, while Linux uses DNSSEC. Windows Secure DNS is designed to protect against DNS spoofing attacks, while DNSSEC is designed to protect against data corruption and integrity issues.
When troubleshooting DNS issues, it is important to understand how DNS works and the differences between Windows and Linux. It is also important to ensure that the DNS servers are correctly configured and that the DNS cache is up-to-date. Additionally, it is important to ensure that the DNS security protocols are correctly configured. If the issue persists, it may be necessary to contact the DNS provider for further assistance.